Cambaceres (1753-1824) To contact me


“It is wise to know which one is and from where one comes. This knowledge of oneself guarantees to us dreams of vanity and a lazy modesty which leads to lowering.” (Cambaceres)


Of Cevennes origin, the Cambaceres family comes more precisely from the canton of Vigan. The name Cambaceres (or Cambassedes) comes for some from two languedocian words camba, leg and assedat, sitted : what can result in the nickname sitting on legs or short on legs. Others think that the name means originating in the Cambassedes place: locality located in the commune of Aveze, close to Vigan.
Antoine Cambassedes
???? - 1598

Antoinette La Coste
???? - 158?

Alix Laumette
???? - ????
Domergue Cambaceres
1560 - 1616
Clerk at the Court of Comptes

Jeanne du Pre
1566 - 160?

Esther La Garde
???? - 1656
Dominique Cambaceres
1616 - 1673
Prosecutor at the Court of Comptes

Jeanne de Lamouroux
???? - ????
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Jacques Cambaceres
1644 - 1700
Adviser at the Court of Comptes
François Cambaceres
1651 - 1712
King adviser,

Esther d'Atguier
???? - ????
Restinclieres branch became Montlaur of Murles branch
Jacques de Cambaceres
1680 - 1752
Adviser at the Court of Comptes

Elisabeth Duvidal de Montferrier
???? - ????
Jean-Antoine de Cambaceres
1715 - 1801
Adviser at the Court of Comptes

Marie-Rose Vassal
???? - 1769

Jeanne Dittry
???? - ????

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Jean-Jacques Regis de Cambaceres
1753 - 1824
Archchancellor of the Empire
Etienne-Hubert de Cambaceres
1756 - 1818
Cardinal - Archbishop
Marie-Magdeleine de Cambaceres
1777 - ????
Jean-Pierre Hubert de Cambaceres
1778 - 1826
General of Brigade
In the middle of the 16th century, Antoine Cambassedes, ploughman in Vigan, leave the Cevennes to be established in Montpellier. It buys a house Sainte-Croix street at the site of the current Cambaceres hotel. It binds knowledge with his neighbor Domergue Lacoste who becomes the godfather of his son Domergue. This one inherits his godfather a house Sainte-Croix street and an amount of money which he buys a office of usher at the Court of Comptes. Domergue Cambaceres becomes first usher then clerk in chief of the Court of Comptes. His son Dominique, prosecutor of the King in the Court of Comptes, is elected lieutenant of the noble game of the arc in 1656.
François Cambaceres buys a office of King advisor and tax-collector of the diocese of Puy. His son Jacques, noble by the dress of three generations of magistrates, records his arms : gold to the rafter of red accompanied by three roses of the same color (see opposite). Jacques de Cambaceres, become by heritage adviser at the Court of Auditors, marries Elisabeth Duvidal de Montferrier, sister of the syndic general of the States of Languedoc.
Their son Jean-Antoine marries in 1740 Marie-Rose de Vassal, girl of a banker and adviser at the Court of Auditors. From this union are born eleven children of which two only survive: Jean-Jacques Regis and Etienne-Hubert. When his wife died, Jean-Antoine attends Jeanne Dittry with whom it has two natural children :
- Marie-Magdeleine marries Claude-Auguste Gilles, tax-collector of Seine-and-Oise (1802-1815).
- Jean-Pierre Hubert marries in 1797 Anne-Marie-Joséphine-Filipino Karsch. Are born three children :
- Marie-Jean-Pierre Hubert (1798-1881) page of the Emperor in 1812, it follows the king from Rome to Blois. Officer of hunters with horse then lawyer in 1823, he adopts the monarchy of July then to the Second Empire : Senator, Great-Master of the Ceremonies of Napoleon III, it carries out several confidential missions. Fact duke of Cambaceres, he marries Louise-Anne Alexandrine Thibon, girl of the governor of the Bank of France, without descent.
- Joséphine (1800-????) marry the baron Jean-Marie Delaire, adviser at the Court of Comptes.
- Etienne-Armand Napoleon (1804-1878) deputy of Aisne since 1842, it fights against the monarchy of July then adopts the coup d'etat of the December 2. His son Louis-Joseph Napoleon, deputy of Aisne under the Second Empire, marries in 1856 with the princess Bathilde Bonaparte (1840-1861) girl of Lucien Bonaparte. He has two girls of a second marriage with Marie-Victorine Anatole de Montesquiou-Fezensac.


The family tree represented above is that published in 1905 per Pierre Vialles. The biography of Vialles defends the generally allowed version according to which Restinclieres represent the elder branch of the family, the magistrates from which Jean-Jacques Regis forming goes down the junior branch.
However two unknown documents at the time, one written by the grandfather of Jean-Jacques Regis and another writing by Jean-Jacques Regis  itself, affirm the opposite. According to the history of the family written by Jacques de Cambaceres, there would have been confusion between two fore-mentioned brothers both François. Certain dates quoted by Vialles seem inaccurate... Dominique Cambaceres died in 1673 according to Vialles would be deceased in 1656. The version of Vialles comprises a generation of less than the version of Jean-Jacques Regis. How Jacques de Cambaceres supposedly died in 1752 can it tell in its memories the infantile diseases of its grandchildren born in 1753 and 1756?
The genealogy given by Pierre Vialles and taken again per many biographers is obviously inaccurate. Only a thorough examination of the files of the marital status of Montpellier must make it possible to reconstitute the genealogy of the Cambaceres family.


In 1824, Antoine de Cambaceres unloads in Buenos Aires at the request of the Argentinian government. It is a French chemist who made his studies with the faculty of Montpellier, where he followed certainly the courses of Chaptal. It is charged by the president of the Republic Jean Larrea of the development of industry of the neat's foot oil (chemical ingredient used in the treatment of leathers). Shortly after its arrival, it marries Rufina Alais, of which it will have 4 children: Antonino (born in 1833), Ludovica, Eugenio (born in 1843) and Delphine. With the heritage of his father-in-law, it buys grounds and becomes an important bovine stockbreeder. In addition to its chemical activities, it makes fortune by selling beef salted and leathers.
His two sons, Antonino and Eugenio, become influential politicians: they sit at the Argentinian Senate. Eugenio Cambaceres (see photography opposite) is also the most known Argentinian writer. His work is located in mobility naturalist of Emile Zola. One of Antonino's sons beome vice-president of the Senate and represents Argentina at the World Exposition of Paris in 1889. Rufino Luro Cambaceres is a pioneer of aviation in Argentina in the years 1920. Copilot of Saint-Exupéry and Mermoz, he found a few years later the company Aeropostal Nacional. Until today, the Cambaceres family continues to play an important part in the Argentinian policy. A district of Buenos-Surfaces and a club of football still bear the name of Cambaceres.
A rumour wants that Antoine de Cambaceres is an illegitimate son of Jean-Jacques Régis of Cambaceres. In fact, it is the second son of his cousin, the brigadier Joseph Charles de Cambaceres-Murles, and his mistress Suzanne Pons whom it had married in September 1792. The Argentinian family has some memories of Cambaceres (crockery, medal…). Undoubtedly did he give to its nephew valuable articles to finance his voyage and his installation in Argentina?


03/09/06 - Emmanuel Prunaux