“It is wise to know which one is and from where one comes.
This knowledge of oneself guarantees to us dreams of vanity and a lazy
modesty which leads to lowering.” (Cambaceres)
GENEALOGY & HISTORY
OF CAMBACERES FAMILY
Of Cevennes origin, the Cambaceres family comes
more precisely from the canton of Vigan. The name
Cambaceres (or Cambassedes) comes for some from two languedocian words camba,
leg and assedat, sitted : what can result in the nickname sitting on legs
or short on legs. Others think that the name means originating in the
Cambassedes place: locality located in the commune of Aveze, close to Vigan.
Clerk at the Court
Prosecutor at the
Court of Comptes
Adviser at the Court
became Montlaur of Murles branch
Adviser at the Court
Duvidal de Montferrier
Adviser at the Court
Regis de Cambaceres
Hubert de Cambaceres
In the middle of the 16th century,
Antoine Cambassedes, ploughman in Vigan, leave the Cevennes to be
established in Montpellier. It buys a house Sainte-Croix street at the site
of the current Cambaceres hotel. It binds knowledge with his neighbor
Domergue Lacoste who becomes the godfather of his son Domergue. This one
inherits his godfather a house Sainte-Croix street and an amount of money
which he buys a office of usher at the Court
of Comptes. Domergue Cambaceres becomes first usher then clerk in chief
of the Court of Comptes. His son Dominique, prosecutor of the King in the
Court of Comptes, is elected lieutenant of the noble game of the arc in
Cambaceres buys a office of King advisor and tax-collector of the diocese of
Puy. His son Jacques, noble by the dress of three generations of
magistrates, records his arms : gold to the rafter of red accompanied by
three roses of the same color (see opposite). Jacques de Cambaceres,
become by heritage adviser at the Court of Auditors, marries Elisabeth
Duvidal de Montferrier, sister of the syndic general of the States of
Their son Jean-Antoine
marries in 1740 Marie-Rose de Vassal,
girl of a banker and adviser at the Court of Auditors. From this union are
born eleven children of which two only survive: Jean-Jacques Regis and Etienne-Hubert.
When his wife died, Jean-Antoine attends Jeanne
Dittry with whom it has two natural children :
- Marie-Magdeleine marries Claude-Auguste Gilles, tax-collector
of Seine-and-Oise (1802-1815).
- Jean-Pierre Hubert
marries in 1797 Anne-Marie-Joséphine-Filipino Karsch. Are born three
- Marie-Jean-Pierre Hubert (1798-1881) page of the
Emperor in 1812, it follows the king from Rome to Blois. Officer of
hunters with horse then lawyer in 1823, he adopts the monarchy of
July then to the Second Empire : Senator, Great-Master of the
Ceremonies of Napoleon III, it carries out several confidential
missions. Fact duke of Cambaceres, he marries Louise-Anne
Alexandrine Thibon, girl of the governor of the Bank
of France, without descent.
- Joséphine (1800-????) marry the baron Jean-Marie
Delaire, adviser at the Court of Comptes.
- Etienne-Armand Napoleon (1804-1878) deputy of
Aisne since 1842, it fights against the monarchy of July then adopts
the coup d'etat of the December 2. His son Louis-Joseph Napoleon,
deputy of Aisne under the Second Empire, marries in 1856 with the
princess Bathilde Bonaparte (1840-1861) girl of Lucien Bonaparte. He
has two girls of a second marriage with Marie-Victorine Anatole de
OR JUNIOR BRANCH ?
The family tree represented above is that
published in 1905 per Pierre Vialles. The biography of Vialles defends the
generally allowed version according to which Restinclieres represent the
elder branch of the family, the magistrates from which Jean-Jacques Regis
forming goes down the junior branch.
However two unknown documents at the time, one
written by the grandfather of Jean-Jacques Regis and another writing by
Jean-Jacques Regis itself, affirm the opposite. According to the
history of the family written by Jacques de Cambaceres, there would have
been confusion between two fore-mentioned brothers both François. Certain
dates quoted by Vialles seem inaccurate... Dominique Cambaceres died in 1673
according to Vialles would be deceased in 1656. The version of Vialles
comprises a generation of less than the version of Jean-Jacques Regis. How
Jacques de Cambaceres supposedly died in 1752 can it tell in its memories
the infantile diseases of its grandchildren born in 1753 and 1756?
The genealogy given by Pierre Vialles and taken
again per many biographers is obviously inaccurate. Only a thorough
examination of the files of the marital status of Montpellier must make it
possible to reconstitute the genealogy of the Cambaceres family.
THE ARGENTINIAN BRANCH OF CAMBACERES FAMILY
In 1824, Antoine de Cambaceres unloads in
Buenos Aires at the request of the Argentinian government. It is a French
chemist who made his studies with the faculty of
Montpellier, where he
followed certainly the courses of
Chaptal. It is
charged by the president of the Republic Jean Larrea of the development of
industry of the neat's foot oil (chemical ingredient used in the treatment
of leathers). Shortly after its arrival, it marries Rufina Alais, of which
it will have 4 children: Antonino (born in 1833), Ludovica, Eugenio (born in
1843) and Delphine. With the heritage of his father-in-law, it buys grounds
and becomes an important bovine stockbreeder. In addition to its chemical
activities, it makes fortune by selling beef salted and leathers.
two sons, Antonino and Eugenio, become influential politicians: they sit at
the Argentinian Senate. Eugenio Cambaceres (see photography opposite)
is also the most known Argentinian writer. His work is located in mobility
naturalist of Emile Zola. One of Antonino's sons beome vice-president of the
Senate and represents Argentina at the World Exposition of Paris in 1889.
Rufino Luro Cambaceres is a pioneer of aviation in Argentina in the years
1920. Copilot of Saint-Exupéry and Mermoz, he found a few years later the
company Aeropostal Nacional. Until today, the Cambaceres family
continues to play an important part in the Argentinian policy. A district of
Buenos-Surfaces and a club of football still bear the name of Cambaceres.
A rumour wants that Antoine de Cambaceres is an
illegitimate son of Jean-Jacques Régis of Cambaceres. In fact, it is the
second son of his cousin, the brigadier Joseph Charles de Cambaceres-Murles,
and his mistress Suzanne Pons whom it had married in September 1792. The
Argentinian family has some memories of Cambaceres (crockery, medal…).
Undoubtedly did he give to its nephew valuable articles to finance his
voyage and his installation in Argentina?